The Ideology of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud:
Karl Marx: "Once the earthly family is discovered to be the secret of the holy family, the former must itself be annihilated [vernichtet] theoretically and practically."
Sigmund Freud: "'It is not really a decisive matter whether one has killed one's father or abstained from the deed,' if the function of the conflict and its consequences are the same[there is no father's authority getting in the child's way]."
The foundation of "group psychotherapy" is based upon the ideology of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud, i.e., the negation of the father's/Father's authority. Karl Marx's agenda was to negate the father's/Father's authority in society. Sigmund Freud's agenda was to negate the father's/Father's authority in the individual. Both based their ideology upon Georg Hegel's ideology of the child, 'liberating' the child's/man's natural love of pleasure from the father's/Father's authority, negating the father's/Father's authority in the process. The idea being, since the child's/man's mental switch is caught between doing the father's/Father's will, therefore not being able to do what he wants, and doing what he wants, with a guilty conscience for disobeying the father/Father, hardwire the switch to what he wants with group approval, i.e., affirmation and he will naturally disregard the father's/Father's authority, attacking it when it gets in his way, with no guilty conscience.
Karl Marx stated (in defiance against the father's/Father's authority, i.e., following, not only after the ideology of Georg Hegel, but after the ideology of Heraclites as well, who suggested that children, i.e., "minors" should rule, i.e., that the "adults" of his city should "hang" themselves for casting out someone greater than them, i.e., a thinker (a facilitator of 'change') who created unity, i.e., common-ism out of opposites, requiring 'change,' i.e., advocating that if there is any constant, it is 'change'): "Once the earthly family [with the children being subject to the earthly father's authority, preventing 'change'] is discovered to be the secret of the holy family [with man being subject to the Heavenly Father's authority, preventing 'change'], the former [the traditional family with the father's "Do what I say or else" authority system] must itself be annihilated [vernichtet] theoretically and practically." (Karl Marx, Theses On Feuerbach #4), "theoretically and practically" means that the father's/Father's authority ("prejudices," i.e., judgment or condemnation for doing wrong or for sinning, i.e., for disobeying his/His established commands, rules, facts, or truth) is to be negated (no longer rule or exist) in the children's thought (privately) and in their practice (publically), resulting in both "theory and practice" (the child's thoughts and actions) becoming united (as one) based upon that which is common with all children, their carnal nature, i.e., their desire for the pleasures of the 'moment' (which initiates and sustains 'change') and their dissatisfaction with restraint, i.e., dissatisfaction with the father's/Father's authority ("Do what I say or else" system) which inhibits or blocks 'change,' thus Marx concluded: "The philosophers have only interpreted the world in different ways [established their opinion as the only right way, thus inhibiting or blocking 'change'], the objective however, is change [the process of 'change' itself]." (Karl Marx, Feuerbach Thesis #11) Have you heard the word 'change' recently?
Sigmund Freud stated (in defiance against the father's/Father's authority): "'It is not really a decisive matter whether one has killed one's father or abstained from the deed,' if the function of the conflict and its consequences are the same [the father no longer insists upon his children obeying him, doing his will over and therefore against their nature, 'discovering' common ground with them, according to "human nature" only, instead]." Psychology is based upon Freud's historiography that "... the hatred against patriarchal suppression—a 'barrier to incest,' ... the desire (for the sons) to return to the mother—[which] culminates in the rebellion of the exiled sons, the collective killing and devouring of the father, and the establishment of the brother clan." (Sigmund Freud in Herbert Marcuse, Eros and Civilization) Irvin Yalom summed up Freud and the 'drive' and 'purpose' of psychology."Freud noted that patricide and incest are part of man's deepest nature." (Irvin Yalom, The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy)
"It is not individualism [the child under the parent's, teacher's, boss's, ... God's authority, being personally held accountable before them/Him for his behavior, restraining him] that fulfills the individual, on the contrary it destroys him. Society ['compromising' for the sake of affirmation, i.e., "community"] is the necessary framework through which freedom [from the father's/Father's authority] and individuality [to do what a person wants to do, when he wants to do it, i.e., to be "of and for self," without having a guilty conscience] are made realities." (Karl Marx, in John Lewis, The Life and Teachings of Karl Marx)
"All that matters is that the opportunity for genuine activity ["self interest" and "collective identity," i.e., consensus] be restored to the individual; that the purposes of society and of his own become identical [that personal thought and social action, i.e., "theory and practice" become one and the same]." (Erick Fromm, Escape from Freedom)
"It is not the will or desire of any one person [the parent, teacher, boss, ... God] which establish order but the moving spirit of the whole group ["the group's" consensus, i.e., the "feeling of oneness" being put into social action, negating the spirit of restraint, i.e., individualism under God] . Control is social." (John Dewey, Experience and Education)
Merging Karl Marx, i.e., society and Sigmund Freud, i.e., the individual, resolved the problem which comes with politically attacking the father/Father and his/His authority, i.e., killing the father outright—leaving his/His "top-down" authority system in place in the minds of the next generation, i.e., in the thoughts and actions of the children (who would continue to look for a father/Father figure to follow). By children dialoguing their opinions to a consensus, i.e., through the children's participation in "group psychotherapy," i.e., the "group grade" classroom, they come to realize that the father's/Father's commands, rules, facts, and truth are "irrational" (do not fit, i.e., are "out of touch with their feelings of the 'moment'") in a rapidly 'changing' world, in their thoughts and actions making the father's/Father's authority system "irrelevant," resulting in their treating him/Him the same, i.e., "irrational" and therefore "irrelevant"—in defiance, i.e., in indifference to his/His commands, rules, facts, and truth doing what they want to do, when they want to do it instead. The idea being, the child, holding to his own "self interests," in defiance to the father/Father, would only leave himself isolated, looking for relationship with other children with the same "self interests," restoring the father's/Father's authority in his effort to defend his (and their common "self interests"). Without "group psychology," i.e., the dialoguing of opinions to a consensus process, i.e., the facilitated meeting, i.e., finding his identity in "the group," i.e., in "the people," he would re-initiate and sustain the father's/Father's way of thinking and acting, i.e., "Mine (or Ours) and not yours," i.e., the structure of isolationism, i.e., nationalism.
Irvin Yalom, in his book The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy, summed up the merging of Georg Hegel, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud as the praxis, i.e., the seduction, deception, and manipulation of "group psychotherapy" (in defiance against the father's/Father's authority): "Freud noted that patricide [the children, by nature, hating (wanting to kill) the father/Father when he/He gets in the way of their "enjoying" the carnal (natural) pleasures of the 'moment,' i.e., being stimulate by and responding to the world around them, i.e., becoming at-one-with it instead of with the him/Him, by nature hating and fighting against the father/Father and his/His authority when he/He and it gets in their (nature's) way] and incest [the children, by nature, doing what they want to do, when they want to do it, "enjoying" the carnal pleasures of the 'moment' with whoever/whatever is stimulating it, i.e., "dopamine emancipation," i.e., the pleasures of the 'moment'] are part of man's deepest nature."
Herbart Marcuse, in his book Eros and Civilization: A philosophical inquiry into Freud (from where we get the phrase "If it feels good, just do it"), explained the essence, i.e., the drive and purpose of Freud's psychology (in defiance against the father's/Father's authority) as "... the hatred against patriarchal suppression—a 'barrier to incest,' ... the desire (for the sons) to return to the mother—[which] culminates in the rebellion of the exiled sons, the collective killing and devouring of the father, and the establishment of the brother clan." Freud noted, according to Marcuse, that the "brother clan," feeling "guilty" for their deed, memorialized the father. Thus, restoring the father's "top-down" authority system, i.e., engendering "civil society," they prevented man from being his "self" again. It was therefore Freud's agenda to use the language of dialogue, i.e., the language of "I feel" and "I think," i.e., the language the woman in the garden in Eden used, in order to overcome the affects (the restraints) of the father's/Father's "thou shalt not," i.e., "It is written," "Because I said so," in order to overcome (negate) the "neurosis" of "civil society." "Neurosis" is 'created' when the child is caught between doing his will or doing the father's/Father's will, doing the father's/Father's will, despite it going against his will, in order to not be punished and/or to gain his/His approval, resulting in him feeling guilty when he disobeys (or is thinking about disobeying), i.e., for being "normal," thus becoming "neurotic." When the "brother clan" established "civil society," by creating a council or a select group of people to rule over "the people," they sustained the fathers'/Father's "top-down" authority system over "the people," sustaining "neurosis." Thus according to Marcuse (explaining Freud's agenda), "If the guilt accumulated in the civilized domination of man by man can ever be redeemed by freedom, then the 'original sin' must be committed again: 'We must again eat from the tree of knowledge [disregard the father's/Father's commands, rules, facts, and truth, i.e., disregard the father's/Father's authority] in order to fall back into the state of innocence.'" ibid.
Normal O. Brown, in his book Life Against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History, explained the "neurosis of civilization" this way: "Neurosis is an essential consequence of civilization or culture." "The bondage of all cultures to their cultural heritage is a neurotic construction." "The core of the neurosis of individuals lay in the 'memory-traces of the experiences of former generations.'" According to Brown, as the child's parents indoctrinate him with their belief, he becomes less of his "self," therefore "neurotic," "Parental discipline, religious denunciation of bodily pleasure, . . . have all left man overly docile, but secretly in his unconscious unconvinced, and therefore neurotic." "If there is a universal neurosis, it is reasonable to suppose that its core is religion." "Psychoanalysis must treat religion [denying your "self" in order to do the father's/Father's will] as a neurosis." Therefore the agenda of psychology (in defiance against the father's/Father's authority) is to overcome "neurosis," i.e., the fathers'/Father's authority in the child, "helping" the child to overcome that which is preventing him from being his "self." Brown, commenting on his book, stated: "The entry into Freud cannot avoid being a plunge into a strange world and a strange language―a world of sick men, ....It is a shattering experience for anyone seriously committed to the Western traditions of morality and rationality to take a steadfast, unflinching look at what Freud has to say. To experience Freud is to partake a second time of the forbidden fruit; and this book cannot without sinning communicate that experience to the reader." "Our real choice is between holy and unholy madness: open your eyes and look around you―madness is in the saddle anyhow." "It is possible to be mad and to be unblest, but it is not possible to get the blessing without the madness; it is not possible to get the illuminations without the derangement," "I wagered my intellectual life on the idea of finding in Freud what was missing in Marx."
Mike Connor, at Brown's funeral, stated: "But Brown believed that the payoff was worth the price of sin—namely, that alienation would be overcome, and the return of the repressed completed, rendering problems of sin permanently moot. Life Against Death established Brown, along with his colleague and friend Herbert Marcuse, and later Charles Reich, as an intellectual leader of the New Left …. a Marxist mode of Freudian analysis." (March 23-30, 2005 issue of Metro Santa Cruz)
© Institution for Authority Research, Dean Gotcher 2017