Part 2

Section 8

"It is not individualism [under the parent's, teacher's, boss's, ... God's authority] that fulfills the individual, on the contrary it destroys him. Society ['compromise'] is the necessary framework through which freedom and individuality are made realities." (Karl Marx, in John Lewis, The Life and Teachings of Karl Marx)

* "All that matters is that the opportunity for genuine activity ["self interest" and "collective identity," i.e., consensus] be restored to the individual; that the purposes of society and of his own become identical [that personal thought and social action, i.e., "theory and practice" become one and the same]." (Erick Fromm, Escape from Freedom)

* "It is not the will or desire of any one person [the parent, teacher, boss, ... God] which establish order but the moving spirit of the whole group ["the group's" consensus, i.e., the "feeling of oneness" being put into social action, negating the spirit of restraint, i.e., individualism under God] . Control is social." (John Dewey, Experience and Education)

"The individual is emancipated in the social group." "Freud commented that only through the solidarity of all the participants could the sense of guilt be assuaged [can the guilty conscience for doing wrong, i.e., for disobeying the parent and/or God be negated]." "To experience Freud is to partake a second time of the forbidden fruit;" "The guilty conscience is formed in childhood by the incorporation of the parents and the wish to be father of oneself." (Norman O. Brown, Life Against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History)

"If the guilt accumulated in the civilized domination of man by man [the guilty conscience for disobeying the parents/God] can ever be redeemed by freedom [with the child 'justifying' his desires and dissatisfactions of the 'moment,' resulting in "human nature" being established over and therefore against the parent's/God's authority, once and for all], then the 'original sin' must be committed again: 'We must again eat from the tree of knowledge in order to fall back into the state of innocence [as we were before the father's/Father's first command, rule, fact, or truth came into our lives, i.e., carnal, i.e., of the world only].'" (Herbart Marcuse, Eros and Civilization: A philosophical inquiry into Freud)

* "In the process of history [through human "Reasoning," dialectic 'reasoning,' i.e., "self 'justification'"] man gives birth to himself ['liberates' himself from God's authority]. He becomes what he potentially is, and he attains what the serpent―the symbol of wisdom and rebellion—promised, and what the patriarchal, jealous God of Adam did not wish: that man would become like God himself." (Erick Fromm, You shall be as gods: A radical interpretation of the old testament and its tradition)

© Institution for Authority Research, Dean Gotcher 2016