Class Notes: Brief




"Ideologies are, expressions of the structure and are modified by modifications of the structure."  (Gramsci)

"For Marx, man's being & consciousness are determined by the structure of his society." "For Freud, society only influences his being by greater or lesser repression of his innate biology." "Marxian theory needs Freudian-type instinct theory to round it out. And of course, vice versa."  (Abraham Maslow, The Journals of A.H. Maslow, Volumes I and II )

"Thus, for instance, once the earthly family is discovered to be the secret of the holy family, the former must itself be annihilated [vernichtet] theoretically and practically."  (Karl Marx Theses On Feuerbach #4)

"‘It is not really a decisive matter whether one has killed one's father or abstained from the deed,' if the function of the conflict and its consequences are the same."  (Herbert Marcuse quoting Sigmund Freud in Eros and Civilization, 1955)

"By dialectic, I mean an activity of conscious, struggling to circumvent, the limitations imposed by the formal-logical law of contradiction."  (Brown)

"In the eyes of the dialectical philosophy, nothing is established for all time, nothing is absolute or sacred."  (Frederick Engels)

"According to the philosopher Hegel, truth is not found in the thesis, nor the antithesis, but in the emerging synthesis which reconciles the two."  (Martin Luther King Jr. Strength to Love.)

"Science is only genuine science when it proceeds from sense experience, in the two forms of sense perception and sensuous need, that is, only when it proceeds from Nature." Karl Marx MEGA I/3, p. 123

"Kurt Lewin emphasized that the child takes on the characteristic behavior of the group in which he is placed. . . . he reflects the behavior patterns which are set by the adult leader of the group."  (Wilbur Brookover A Sociology of Education)

"The specific goal is not an achievement goal per se but is rather a socialization goal which must be reached before the achievement goal can be adequately facilitated." HRRC

"The negative valence of a forbidden object which in itself attracts the child thus usually derives from an induced field of force of an adult. If this field of force loses its psychological existence for the child (e.g., if the adult goes away or loses his authority) the negative valence also disappears."   (Kurt Lewin; A Dynamic Theory of Personality, 1935)

Change in organization can be derived from the overlapping between play and barrier behavior.  To be governed by two strong goals is equivalent to the existence of two conflicting controlling heads within the organism.  This should lead to a decrease in degree of hierarchical organization.  Also, a certain disorganization should result from the fact that the cognitive-motor system loses to some degree its character of a good medium because of these conflicting heads.  It ceases to be in a state of near equilibrium; the forces under the control of one head have to counteract the forces of the other before they are effective."  (Barker, Dembo, & Lewin, "frustration and regression: an experiment with young children" found in Child Behavior and Development)


© Institution for Authority Research, Dean Gotcher 2010